What are financing activities?

Financing activities are transactions in long-term debt, equity and changes in short-term borrowings. These activities include the cash flow and cash equivalents between the entity and its sources of funding; H. Investors and creditors of non-trading liabilities such as long-term loans, bond liabilities, etc.

Cash flow from financing activities is the funds received or paid by the company to finance its activities. It is one of the three sections of a company’s cash flow statement, and the other two are operating and investing activities.

What are Financing Activities in the Cash Flow Statement?

In the cash flow statement, financing activities refer to the cash flow between a company and its owners and creditors. Activities include issuing and selling shares, paying cash dividends and raising loans. It focuses on how the company raises wealth and pays its investors.

A positive number on the cash flow statement indicates that the company received cash. This increases your wealth. On the other hand, a negative number indicates that the company has paid out capital, e.g. B., by paying dividends to shareholders or paying off long-term debt.

What are the financing activities?

A company’s source of capital can be equity or debt. When a company gets into debt, it takes out a loan from the bank or issues a bond. You make interest payments to creditors and bondholders for lending your money.

When the company goes the equity route, it issues shares to investors who buy them for an interest in the company. These activities are used to support a company’s operational and strategic activities.

Long-term liabilities

An example of financing activities with long-term liabilities (long-term liabilities) is the issuance or repayment of debt instruments, such as B. Bonds. A positive amount indicates an improvement in bond debt, and cash was generated from additional bond issuance.

A negative total implies a decrease in bonds payable. Indicates that the cash was used to repurchase or redeem the bonds to be paid.

Equity capital

An increase in owners’ equity accounts is record as a positive total in the financing activities segment of the cash flow statement. Indicates cash was offered through the issuance of more shares.

Examples of uses of cash expressed as negative amounts include issuing cash to repurchase previously issued shares, to pay down debt, to pay interest on debt, and pay dividends to shareholders.

What are some examples of funding activities?

Financing activities include both cash arrivals and outflows from creditors and investors. Anything related to the movement of money is a financial activity.

Some examples of cash flows from financing activities are:


  • Bond issue (positive cash flow)
  • Sale of own shares (positive cash flow)
  • The loan from a financial institution (positive cash flow)
  • Repayment of existing loans (negative cash flow)
  • Cash from new shares issued (positive cash flow)
  • Paying a cash dividend to shareholders (negative cash flow)
  • Purchase of own shares (negative cash flow)
  • Repurchase existing shares (negative cash flow)
  • Bond redemption (negative cash flow)

These activities may or may not involve the use of cash. However, only cash activities are report in the cash flow statement. Non-cash activities are referre to as non-cash financing activities. These include converting debt into common stock or settling a liability by issuing a debenture.

A company’s financing activities provide information about the financial health of the company and its goals. Positive cash flow from financing activities may indicate intentions to expand and grow the business. Since more money is coming in than money-making out, a positive amount indicates increased business assets.

Negative cash flows from financing activities, on the other hand, can indicate an improvement in the company’s liquidity position and provide information about the dividend policy.

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